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Baseball's Steroid Era

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List of Players Linked to Steroids & HGH
Admitted Users (16)

Note: Players who have admitted using PEDs after they were implicated remainon the Implicated Players list.
The information in this list summarizes news reports linking these players to steroids, steroid precursors, human growth hormone, or other drugs banned by MLB (excluding amphetamines).

Ken Caminiti May 2002

Admitted Using: Steroids (Non-specific)

The Story: In an interview with Tom Verducci for Sports Illustrated Magazine, Caminiti admitted to using steroids, beginning in 1996 while he was recovering from a shoulder injury. Caminiti was the first star player to admit to using steroids. Caminiti estimated that 50% of players were using performance-enhancing drugs.

Comments: "The stronger you get, the more relaxed you get. You feel good. You just let it fly. If you don't feel good, you try so hard to make something happen. You grip the bat harder and swing harder and that's when you tighten up. But you get that edge when you feel strong. That's the way I felt. I felt strong, like I could just try to meet the ball and -- wham! -- it's going to go 1,000 mph. Man, I felt good. I'd think, Damn, this pitcher's in trouble and I'd crush the ball 450 feet with almost no effort. It's all about getting an edge."

Bobby Estalella December 2003

Admitted Using: Steroids (The Clear, The Cream), HGH

The Story: In his leaked BALCO Grand Jury testimony, Estalella admitted to using undetectable BALCO drugs and HGH provided by Greg Anderson. The fact that he had admitted his use was reported by the San Fransisco Chronicle in Dec. 2004. The details of his testimony were published in Game of Shadows in Feb. 2005.

Jason Giambi December 2003

Admitted Using: Steroids (The Clear, The Cream, Deca-Durabolin, Injectable Testosterone), HGH

The Story: Testifying before the Grand Jury, Giambi admitted to using undetectable BALCO drugs and injectable testosterone provided by Greg Anderson. He also said he used Deca-Durabolin and HGH he bought at a Gold's Gym near Las Vegas. He testified that he used the BALCO drugs in 2002 and 2003, the Deca-Durabolin in 2001, and the HGH from 2001 to 2003. Giambi implied Bonds' steroid use when he testified that he was drawn to Anderson because of Bonds' success. His confidential testimony was leaked to the San Fransisco Chronicle; excerpts were published in a Dec. 2, 2004 article entitled Giambi admitted taking steroids.

Comments: "I was wrong for doing that stuff. What we should have done a long time ago was stand up -- players, ownership, everybody -- and said: 'We made a mistake.'"

Jeremy Giambi December 2003

Admitted Using: Steroids (The Clear, The Cream, Deca-Durabolin, Injectable Testosterone), HGH

The Story: Testifying before the BALCO Grand Jury, Jeremy admitted to using BALCO drugs and the injectable testosterone obtained from Greg Anderson, as well as Deca-Durabolin previously. His testimony mirrored his brother Jason's when describing the attraction to Greg Anderson and the details of which drugs were used and how. His confidential testimony was leaked to the San Fransisco Chronicle; excerpts were published in a Dec. 2, 2004 article entitled Giambi admitted taking steroids.

Armando Rios December 2003

Admitted Using: Steroids (The Clear, The Cream, Injectable Testosterone), HGH

The Story: In his leaked BALCO Grand Jury testimony, Estalella admitted to using undetectable BALCO drugs and HGH provided by Greg Anderson. The fact that he had admitted his use was reported by the San Fransisco Chronicle in Dec. 2004. The details of his testimony were published in Game of Shadows in Feb. 2005.

Benito Santiago December 2003

Admitted Using: Steroids (The Clear, The Cream, Winstrol, Injectable Testosterone), HGH

The Story: During his testimony at the BALCO grand jury, Santiago admitted to using undetectable BALCO drugs as well as Winstrol and HGH provided by Greg Anderson. The fact that he had admitted his use was reported by the San Fransisco Chronicle in Dec. 2004. The details of his testimony were published in Game of Shadows in Feb. 2005.

Gary Sheffield December 2003

Admitted Using: Steroids (The Clear, The Cream, Andriol)

The Story: Sheffield testified before the BALCO grand jury that he had used the undetectable BALCO steroids and some 'red beans' which lawyers identified as Andriol. Sheffield said that the drugs were obtained directly from Bonds noting that Bonds' trainer, Greg Anderson, was never involved. Sheffield's confidential testimony was leaked to the San Fransisco Chronicle; excerpts were published in a Dec. 3, 2004 article entitled What Bonds told BALCO grand jury.

Jose Canseco February 2005

Admitted Using: Steroids (Deca-Durabolin, Winstrol, Equipose, Anavar), HGH

The Story: In February 2005 Canseco released his autobiography and steroid tell-all, Juiced, Wild Times, Rampant 'Roids, Smash Hits, and How Baseball Got Big. In it he described himself as 'the chemist' having experimented on himself for years. He claimed to have educated and personally injected many players including Mark McGwire, Rafael Palmeiro, Juan Gonzalez, Ivan Rodriguez, and Jason Giambi. In his second book, Vindicated, Canseco added Magglio Ordonez to the list of players he had educated and injected with steroids. He also said he introduced Alex Rodriguez to a trainer/PED supplier after Rodriguez had asked where he could get steroids.

Tom House May 2005

Admitted Using: Steroids (Non-specific)

The Story: In a telephone interview with San Fransisco Chronicle reporter, Ron Kroichick, House admitted to using steroids 'for a couple of seasons' during his career (1971-1978). House estimated that six or seven pitchers on every staff in baseball were experimenting with steroids in the 1970's. This was, and still is, the earliest account of steroid use in baseball. House's admission and comments are from a May 3, 2005 San Fransisco Chronicle article entitled House a 'failed experiment' with steroids.

Comments: "I pretty much popped everything cold turkey... We were doing steroids they wouldn't give to horses. That was the '60s, when nobody knew. The good thing is, we know now. There's a lot more research and understanding."

Wally Joyner November 2005

Admitted Using: Steroids (Non-specific)

The Story: In an interview with ESPN's Buster Olney, Joyner admitted to using steroids in 1997. He described how he had asked his friend, Ken Caminiti how he could get steroids. Caminiti gave him the phone number of a steroid dealer, and he later received steroid pills in the mail via Caminiti. Joyner admitted to taking just three pills before deciding to stop. Joyner's admission was published in an ESPN special report entitled Who Knew?

Jim Leyritz June 2006

Admitted Using: HGH

The Story: In an interview with New York Post, Leyritz admitted to using HGH while recovering from surgery to repair a torn rotator cuff between the 2000 and 2001 seasons. He said he didn't try steroids because his family had a history of prostate cancer. Leyritz's admission was published in the June 10, 2006 New York Post article entitled Leyritz Admits he Used HGH.

Paxton Crawford June 2006

Admitted Using: Steroids (Deca-Durabolin, Winstrol), HGH

The Story: In an article by ESPN's Amy K. Nelson, Crawford admitted to using steroids and HGH during the 2001-2003 season. Crawford said steroids 'had a hold of the game' and that players were 'walking around like zombies.' Crawford's admission was published in the June 21, 2006 issue of ESPN The Magazine, in article entitled Why Pitchers Juice.

Comments: "It's like playing with fire."

David Segui June 2006

Admitted Using: HGH

The Story: In an interview with ESPN's Jeremy Schaap, Segui admitted to being one of the redacted names from the Jason Grimsley Affidavit. Segui claims his HGH use was legal. His doctor deemed him HGH deficient and not only prescribed him the drugs but monitored his (blood) levels while he was using it. Segui's admission was televised Jun. 18, 2006, as part of ESPN's Outside The Lines.

Comments: Jason (Grimsley) was coming back from Tommy John surgery. He expressed, you know, a desire to use -- to try human growth hormone to heal his elbow, to get him back on the field ... I told him, he knew that I was on it legally. I told him, I was speaking as a friend, if you're going to do this, go to the doctor, get your levels checked to see where they're at ... Do it under the doctor's supervision. And my exact words to him were, if you're going to do it, do it the right way.

John Rocker March 2007

Admitted Using: Human Growth Hormone (Somatropin)

The Story: Rocker received two prescriptions for Somatropin between April and July 2003 from Applied Pharmacy Services in Mobile, Alabama. Rocker admitted using human growth hormone he bought over-the-counter but denied receiving drugs or ever having a prescription from Applied Pharmacy. Rocker was first implicated in a Mar. 6, 2007 Sports Illustrated article entitled Inside the Steroid Sting.

Paul Byrd March 2007

Admitted Using: Human Growth Hormone (Somatropin)

The Story: Byrd received 13 prescriptions for (some for Somatropin) between August 2002 and January 2005 while a member of the Royals and Braves. from the Palm Beach Rejuvenation Center, an anti-aging clinic in Florida. Byrd claimed he had a legitimate growth hormone deficiency and that the HGH was used under "a doctor's care and supervision." Byrd received two prescriptions from a dentist. Byrd was first implicated in a Mar. 6, 2007 San Francisco Chronicle article entitled Cleveland Pitcher Spent Thousands on Human Growth Hormone.

Comments: "The Indians, my coaches and MLB have known that I have had a pituitary gland issue for some time and have assisted me in getting blood tests in different states. I am currently working with an endocrinologist and will have another MRI on my head after the season to make sure that the tumor hasn't grown."

Shane Monahan December 2007

Admitted Using: Anabolic Steroids (Stanozolol, Deca-Durabolin)

The Story: Monahan openly admitted to using anabolic steroids during his two stints with the Seattle Mariners in 1998 and 1999. In a candid interview, Monahan said he used steroids in an attempt to stay in the major leagues and to make more money. He also described the clubhouse culture with the Mariners at the time, telling ESPN's Mike Fish that players could get steroids and amphetamines from players' friends or employees in the clubhouse, and that nearly everyone used amphetamines. Monahan's admission was published in a December 28, 2007 ESPN article entitled Clubhouse culture led ex-Mariner to steroids and greenies.

Comments: "I've been in minor league and major league clubhouses. I know the pressures and what goes on. Like I told my dad, it is coming from the perspective of a guy who had to fight for everything I got in the big leagues."

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The List
« 129 »
Mitchell Report - 47
Admitted - 16
Implicated By Others - 34
MLB Suspensions - 27
Other - 4
Suspended for non-analytical evidence that player violated MLB drug policy.


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